MIMO Relaying with Compact Antenna Arrays: Coupling, Noise Correlation and Superdirectivity


Yahia Hassan, Raphael Rolny, and Armin Wittneben


PIMRC 2013, London, UK, Sept. 2013.

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It is well known that compact arrays introduce spatial channel correlation, antenna coupling, superdirectivity and noise correlation. While these effects have been thoroughly investigated for point to point MIMO, only isolated results are available on the effect of such phenomena on performance of relaying systems. This paper tries to fill part of this void. Specifically we study the impact of lossless and lossy compact antenna arrays on multiuser amplify and forward (AF) relaying in the presence of different noise sources. We optimize the gain allocation for sum rate maximization under a emph{dissipated} power constraint. For compact arrays this constraint is more relevant than the commonly used radiated power constraint. We provide an extensive insight-oriented discussion of our results, some of which may appear counter intuitive at first glance. We show that for compact MIMO relaying the standard model, considering only channel correlation but ignoring antenna coupling and noise correlation, is insufficient and may lead to a wrong system characterization.

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Copyright Notice: © 2013 Y. Hassan, R. Rolny, and A. Wittneben.

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