Distributed Gradient Based Gain Allocation for Coherent Multiuser AF Relaying Networks

Authors

Celal Esli, Jörg Wagner, and Armin Wittneben

Reference

IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC 2009) , June 2009.

[BibTeX, LaTeX, and HTML Reference]

Abstract

A set of distributed non-cooperating relay antennas is known to be capable of orthogonalizing multiple sourcedestination pairs in space by coherent amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying techniques. Known relay gain allocation schemes for this setup require either global knowledge of the channel coefficients between all participating nodes or an excess number of relays. The required dissemination of the channel state information (CSI) introduces a major overhead, which in practice may well diminish the spatial multiplexing gain. We introduce a new distributed gradient based gain allocation scheme, which minimizes this overhead. Key to this is the proof, that the gradient of the destination signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) can be calculated in a distributed manner based on local CSI at the relays and very limited feedback from the destinations. In order to minimize the number of iterations in the distributed gradient algorithm we propose two distributed approaches to determine the optimal step size for each iteration. Finally we provide simulation results on the sum rate performance and identify the sequential opening of the spatial channels as a key factor that impacts speed of convergence.


Download this document:

 

Copyright Notice: © 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.