Space-Time Processing for Cooperative Relay Networks

Authors

Ingmar Hammerström, Marc Kuhn, Boris Rankov, and Armin Wittneben

Reference

IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Fall 2003, Oct. 2003.

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Abstract

Future wireless communication systems have to support high data rates. The capacity of these systems can be increased dramatically by using multiple antennas at the transmitter and the receiver working in a rich scattering environment. But in a line-of-sight environment the MIMO channel matrix is rank deficient and therefore the capacity increase diminishes. Using cooperative amplify & forward relay nodes it is possible to overcome this problem by increasing the rank of the MIMO channel. A special signaling scheme is necessary to achieve this increase of channel rank. Therefore the use of existing spacetime algorithms is not straightforward. In this paper we show that a recently proposed class of linear space-time block codes exploits the offered capacity and achieves good performance results. The codes are able to use jointly transmit diversity in combination with spatial multiplexing with reasonable and scalable computational complexity.

Keywords

Space-Time Coding, MIMO, Cooperative Signaling, Relay Networks, Capacity, Tradeoff Transmit Diversity vs. Spatial Multiplexing


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