Characterizing the statistical properties of mutual information in MIMO channels


Özgür Oyman, Rohit U. Nabar, Helmut Bölcskei, and Arogyaswami J. Paulraj


IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 51, No. 11, pp. 2784-2795, Nov. 2003

DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2003.818153

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We consider Gaussian multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) frequency-selective spatially correlated fading channels assuming that the channel is unknown at the transmitter and perfectly known at the receiver. Assuming a Gaussian code book and using results from multivariate statistics, we derive an analytical expression for a tight lower bound on the ergodic capacity of such channels at any signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). We show that our bound is tighter than previously reported analytical lower bounds and we proceed to analytically quantify the impact of spatial fading correlation on ergodic capacity. Based on a closed-form approximation of the variance of mutual information in correlated flat-fading MIMO channels, we provide insights into the multiplexing-diversity tradeoff for Gaussian code books. Furthermore, for a given total number of antennas we consider the problem of finding the optimal (ergodic capacity maximizing) number of transmit and receive antennas and we reveal the SNR dependent nature of the maximization strategy. Finally, we present numerical results and comparisons between our capacity bounds and previously reported bounds.


MIMO, mutual information, diversity order, multiplexing

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