Performance of multiantenna signaling techniques in the presence of polarization diversity

Authors

Rohit U. Nabar, Helmut Bölcskei, Vinko Erceg, David Gesbert, and Arogyaswami J. Paulraj

Reference

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 50, No. 10, pp. 2553-2562, Oct. 2002

DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2002.803322

[BibTeX, LaTeX, and HTML Reference]

Abstract

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna systems employ spatial multiplexing to increase spectral efficiency or transmit diversity to improve link reliability. The performance of these signaling strategies is highly dependent on MIMO channel characteristics which in turn depend on antenna height and spacing and richness of scattering. In practice, large antenna spacings are often required to achieve significant multiplexing or diversity gains. The use of dual-polarized antennas (polarization diversity) is a promising cost- and space-effective alternative where two spatially separated uni-polarized antennas are replaced by a single antenna structure employing orthogonal polarizations. This paper investigates the performance of spatial multiplexing and transmit diversity (Alamouti scheme) in MIMO wireless systems employing dual-polarized antennas. In particular, we derive estimates for the uncoded average symbol error rate of spatial multiplexing and transmit diversity and identify channel conditions where the use of polarization diversity yields performance improvements. We show that while improvements in terms of symbol error rate of up to an order of magnitude are possible in the case of spatial multiplexing, the presence of polarization diversity generally incurs a performance loss for transmit diversity techniques. Finally, we provide simulation results to demonstrate that our estimates closely match the actual symbol error rates.

Keywords

MIMO, polarization diversity


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