Cooperative Magneto-Inductive Localization
AuthorsHenry Schulten, Gregor Dumphart, Antonios Koskinas, and Armin Wittneben
ReferenceIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), Virtual Conference, Sept. 2021.
AbstractWireless localization is a key requirement for many applications. It concerns position estimation of mobile nodes (agents) relative to fixed nodes (anchors) from wireless channel measurements. Cooperative localization is an advanced concept that considers the joint estimation of multiple agent positions based on channel measurements of all agent-anchor links together with all agent-agent links. In this paper we present the first study of cooperative localization for magneto-inductive wireless sensor networks, which are of technological interest due to good material penetration and channel predictability. We demonstrate significant accuracy improvements (a factor of 3 for 10 cooperating agents) over the non-cooperative scheme. The evaluation uses the Cramér-Rao lower bound on the cooperative position estimation error, which is derived herein. To realize this accuracy, the maximum-likelihood estimate (MLE) must be computed by solving a high-dimensional least-squares problem, whereby convergence to local minima proves to be problematic. A proposed cooperative localization algorithm addresses this issue: first, preliminary estimates of the agent positions and orientations are computed, which then serve as initial values for a gradient search. In all our test cases, this method yields the MLE and the associated high accuracy (comprising the cooperation gain) from a single solver run. The preliminary estimates use novel closed-form MLE formulas of the distance, direction and orientation for single links between three-axis coils, which are given in detail.
Keywordscooperative localization, localization, near field
Download this document:
Copyright Notice: © 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.