Pairwise Distance and Position Estimators From Differences in UWB Channels to Observers
AuthorsGregor Dumphart, Robin Kramer, and Armin Wittneben
ReferenceIEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM) Workshops, Madrid, Spain, pp. 1-7, Dec. 2021.
AbstractWe consider the problem of obtaining relative location information between two wireless nodes from the differences in their ultra-wideband (UWB) channels to observer nodes. Our approach focuses on the delays of multipath components (MPCs) extracted from the observed channels. For the two different cases of known and unknown MPC association between these channels, we present estimators for the distance and for the relative position vector between the two nodes. The position estimators require both MPC directions and MPC delays as input. All presented estimators exhibit very desirable technological properties: they do not require line-of-sight conditions, precise synchronization, or knowledge about the observer locations or about the environment. These advantages could enable low-cost wireless network localization in dynamic multipath environments. The exposition is complemented by a numerical evaluation of the estimation accuracy using random sampling, where especially the position estimators show the potential for great accuracy.
Keywordsultra-wideband ranging, distance estimation, relative localization, indoor localization, synchronization
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