Stochastic Misalignment Model for Magneto-Inductive SISO and MIMO Links
AuthorsGregor Dumphart and Armin Wittneben
ReferenceIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2016.
AbstractMagneto-inductive (MI) systems for wireless communications or power transfer usually suffer from coil misalignment, because of mobility or deployment. The impact on performance is hard to analyze because mutual inductance is an involved function of geometry. We focus on links whose coil separation exceeds coil dimensions, which is characteristic for communications links and becoming increasingly desired for wireless powering. In this regime, the dipole approximation allows for an accurate closed-form description of misalignment. In order to analyze fully unaligned links, we propose a stochastic misalignment model that assumes uniformly random coil orientation(s). To this effect, we derive the probability density function (PDF) of mutual inductance for practically relevant setups, comprising single coils and collocated coil arrays. This gives rise to a misalignment comparison of beamforming, coil selection, and single-input single-output (SISO) links. The PDFs lead to the expected attenuation due to misalignment. We relate misalignment to communications performance by means of a basic circuit. A byproduct of the stochastic model is the maximum likelihood range estimate for a noiseless mutual inductance measurement under unknown arrangement.
CommentsExtended conference slides are available HERE.
Download this document:
Copyright Notice: © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.